The capital city of Italy sends visitors on a journey to the ancient past in the world’s largest open-air museum brimming with artistic and intellectual achievement. The city of Rome is one of the oldest continuously occupied states in Europe, with a history that spans 28 centuries. During this reign, the city became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. In the past, the city has been coined “The Eternal City” and Caput Mundi (The Capital of the World) and has been regarded as the birthplace of Western civilization.
The world-renowned city of Rome constantly overflows with residents and visitors as it is the most populous city in Italy with well over 2 million residents in only 1,285 square kilometres. Within these constricted boundaries sits the smallest country in the world and the only country within a city; Vatican City. To add to the overpopulation, the city never has a shortage of guests. Rome is the fourteenth most visited city in the world, the third most visited city in the European Union and the most popular tourist attraction in Italy.
The historic centre of Rome is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In this historic centre lies the most prominent symbol of the city, the Colosseum. The Colosseum, used for gladiatorial combat, is the largest amphitheatre in the Roman Empire. Other important monuments of Ancient Rome include the Roman Forum, the Pantheon, the Catacombs, the Baths of Caracalla, Castel Sant’Angelo, Arch of Constantine and Bocca della Verità.
Rome is also home to Trevi Fountain, one of the most famous and largest fountains and in the world, and the Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II, or more commonly referred to as, the Altar of the Fatherland. This monument is the best-known symbol of Roman neoclassicism and was built in honour of Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of unified Italy. A top this monument also lies the Grave of the Unknown Soldier, a commemoration of the 650,000 Italians who died during World War I.
Rome is an architectural and artistic paradise awash with ancient history and world-famous art. For this, it is a site at the top of every traveler’s bucket list.