The British Museum located in London, England is among the largest and most comprehensive museums in the world. The museum is dedicated to human history, art and culture with around 8 million permanent works. The museum was established in 1753 after physician, naturalist and collector, Sir Hans Sloane, gave King George II his collection of over 71,000 objects after his death in return for £20,000 to his heirs. The museum opened to the public January 15, 1759, and became the first national public museum in the world. The number of artifacts in the museum has grown along with the expansion of British colonization and the number of visitors a year has increased from 5,000 to 6 million.